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    2023年10月湖南自考00832英语词汇学试卷

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      【导读】以下是湖南自考网整理的“2023年10月湖南自考00832英语词汇学试卷”考生如有疑问可点击【咨询在线老师】,更多2024年自考信息,请关注湖南传爱自考网微信公众号!

      2023年10月湖南自考00832英语词汇学试卷

      选择题部分

      注意事项:

      每小题选出答案后,用2B 铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮 擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。

      I. Each of the statements below is followed by four alternative answers.Choose the one that best completes the statement and blacken the corresponding letter A,B,C or D on

      the ANSWER SHEET.(1%×30=30%)

      1. Chook is a word of ,which means chicken.

      A.American English B.British English

      C.Scottish English D.Australian English

      2. When dough and bread is used as a slang,it means

      A.money B.head C,drunk D.cooking utensil

      3. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

      A.According to semanticists,a word is a unit of meaning.

      B.According to grammarians,a word is a free form that can function in a sentence.

      C.In visual terms,a word can be defined as a meaningful group of letters printed or written horizontally across a piece of paper.

      D.In terms of spoken language,a word is viewed as a sound or combination of sounds which are made involuntarily with human vocal equipment.

      4. Between 1250 and 1500,with Britain having trade relations with the low countries, especially Holland,as many as 2,500 words of origin found their way into English.

      A.French B.Dutch C.Latin D.Scandinavian

      5.Which of the following is the new word resulting from rapid growth of science and

      technology in the English vocabulary?

      A.fast food B.TV dinner C.moon walk D.stir fry

      00832#英语词汇学试题第1页(共5页)

      6. The word denaturalization can be broken down into minimal meaningful units.

      A.four B.five C.six D.seven

      7. In the word internationalists,the root is

      A.inter- B.-nation- C.-tion- D.-s

      8. The word antecedent can be broken down into

      A.ante-,-ced-,-ent B.ante-,-ce-,-dent

      C.an-,-te-,-ced-,-ent D.an-,-te-,-ce-,-dent

      9.Of the following words,the word “ ”does NOT have a derivational prefix.

      A.prewar B.subsea C.contradict D.handcuff

      10.The formation of new words by converting words of one class to another class is called

      A.affixation B.functional shift C.compounding D.phrase clipping

      11.The majority of prefixes are characterized by their non-class-changing nature.Accordingly, we shall classify prefixes on a basis.

      A.morphemic B.morphologic C.syntactic D.semantic

      12.Of the following words,the word“ ”is NOT a deverbal noun formed by suffixation.

      A.decision B.friendship C.existence D.protection

      13.The meanings of many words often relate directly to their origins.Such words have motivation.

      A.onomatopoeic B.morphological C.semantic D.etymological

      14.The meaning is the meaning given in the dictionary and forms the core of word-meaning.

      A.grammatical B.affective C.conceptual D.associative

      15.The word home,whose conceptual meaning is a“dwelling place”,reminds readers of their “family,friends,warmth,safety”,etc.This shows the meaning of a word.

      A.connotative B.stylistic C,affective D.collocative

      16.The primary meaning of the word neck is

      A.that part of the garment

      B.the narrowest part of anything:bottle,land or channel

      C.that part of man or animal joining the head to the body

      D.a narrow part between the head and body or base of any object

      17.Which of the following pairs of antonyms belongs to contradictory terms?

      A.hot /warm B.sell/buy C.husband /wife D.true /false

      18.The pair of words flower /rose shows such a sense relation as

      A.polysemy B.synonymy C.antonymy D.hyponymy

      19.The word butcher began with the meaning of “one who kills goats",but now it means “one who kills animals".This process is called

      A.extension B.narrowing (C.elevation D,degradation

      00832#英语词汇学试题第2页(共5页)

      20.Which of the following words is an example of narowing of word-meaning? A.disease(meaning:discomfort →illness)

      B.journal (meaning;daily paper →periodical)

      C.knight(meaning:servant →rank below baronet)

      D.company(meaning:one who shares bread →a company)

      21.From which of the following examples can we see transfer of sensations?

      A.the lip of a wound B.the hope of a family

      C.pitiful and doubtful D.sweet music

      22.Which of the following statements is NOT true about lexical context?

      A.It is one type of extra-linguistic context.

      B.It may provide clues for inferring word meaning.

      C.It refers to the words that occur together with the word in question.

      D.The meaning of the word is often affected and defined by the neighbouring words. 23.What does the word quick mean in the following context?

      John,one of the group,has just told a joke.Everyone laughs except Adam.Then Adam laughs.One of the students says:I do think Adam's quick

      A.Quick in development. B.Quick to hear the joke.

      C.Slow in learning things. D.Slow to understand the joke. 24.What does the word do mean in the phrase do the flowers?

      A.work out B.brush C.arrange D.study

      25.Which of the following is an idiom?

      A.Till the cows come home. B.Till the sheep come home.

      C.Till the horses come home. D.Till the pigeons come home. 26.Which of the following is NOT a variation of idiom?

      A.synecdoche B.replacement C.dismembering D.shortening

      27.As cool as a cucumber is a

      A.true ldiom B.complete idiom

      C.semi-idiom D.regular combination

      28.Chop and change is an idiom in nature.

      A.verbal B.nominal C.adjectival D.adverbial

      29.Collins COBUILD English Usage is a(n)

      A.unbridged dictionary B.desk dictionary

      C.pocket dictionary D.specialized dictionary

      30.Which of the following is NOT usually included in the usage section of a dictionary?

      A.style B.usage level C.definition D.colouring

      00832#英语词汇学试题第3页(共5页)

      非选择题部分

      注意事项:

      用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

      II. Complete the following statements with proper words or expressions on the ANSWER

      SHEET according to the course book.(1.5%×10=15%)

      31.A(n) is a minimal free form of a language that has a given sound and meaning and syntactic function

      32.Modern English began with the establishment of in England.

      33.A(n) can be defined as a form to which affixes of any kind can be added,as is seen

      in agree,disagree,and disagreement.

      34.Words formed from initial letters but pronounced as a normal word,for example radar (radio detecting and ranging),is called

      35.Affective meaning indicates the speaker's towards the person or thing in question. 36.From the synchronic point of view,polysemy is viewed as the of various meanings

      of the same word in a certain historical period of time.

      37.The original meaning of the word angel was"messenger",but now has been to mean“messenger of God”.

      38.Context is very important for the understanding of word-meaning because the meaning is influenced immediately by the context,and in many cases by the whole speech situation as well.

      39.By grammatical functions,idioms can be classified into idioms nominal in nature,idioms

      adjectival in nature,idioms verbal in nature,idioms adverbial in nature and idioms. 40.There are two types of dictionaries:linguistic dictionaries and dictionaries.

      Ⅲ.Define the following terms on the ANSWER SHEET.(3%×5=15%)

      41.neologism

      42.affixes

      43.motivation

      44.elevation(a type of word-meaning changes)

      45.idioms adverbial in nature

      IV.Answer the following questions on the ANSWER SHEET.Your answers should be clear and short.(5%×4=20%)

      46.What is the role of borrowing in the development of modern English vocabulary?

      47.What is clipping?Point out the words that are formed by clipping from the following:beg,

      phone,pop,chunnel,flu,telex.

      48.What are the major sources of English synonyms?Match the source with the following

      examples:decide /make upone's mind,job/gig,help/aid,lie /distort the fact.

      00832#英语词汇学试题第4页(共5页)

      49.Guess the meaning of the underlined word in the following sentence and tell what contextual

      clue helps you reach the understanding.

      He was in a mood of complete euphoria,his happiness being the result of an announcement that he had won the sweepstakes.

      V.Analyze and comment on the following on the ANSWER SHEET.(10%×2=20%)

      50.Explain the means of word-formation by using the following example words:motel,sitcom,

      medicare and workfare.

      51.lllustrate the rhetoric use of homonyms by using the following example.

      “On Sunday they pray for you and on Monday they prey on you.”(the remark made by a London worker on one Sunday morning when he saw groups of the so-called pious gentlemen and ladies entering the church for prayer)

      00832#英语词汇学试题第5页(共5页)

      【结尾】上文就是“2023年10月湖南自考00832英语词汇学试卷”的相关内容介绍,想要了解更多湖南自考的相关资讯,敬请关注湖南自考网!

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