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    2023年10月湖南自考00830现代语言学试卷

    2024-03-23 11:36:52   来源:其它    点击:   
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      【导读】以下是湖南自考网整理的“2023年10月湖南自考00830现代语言学试卷”考生如有疑问可点击【咨询在线老师】,更多2024年自考信息,请关注湖南传爱自考网微信公众号!

      2023年10月湖南自考00830现代语言学试卷

      选择题部分

      注意事项:

      每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮 擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。

      I .Directions:Read each of the following statements carefully.Decide which one of the

      four choices best completes the statement and blacken the corresponding letter A,B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET.(2%×10=20%)

      1. A generally accepted definition of language is Language is a system of arbitrary vocal

      used for human communication

      A.words B.symbols

      C.phones D.phonemes

      2.The basic unit that is of distinctive value in phonology is called_ .

      A.phone B.allophone

      C.phoneme D.morpheme

      3. The root contained in the word auditorium is

      A.-ium B.-or

      C.audit D.audi-

      4.According to the XP rule,the head of the NP the student who likes reading is

      A.student B.who

      C.likes D.reading

      00830#现代语言学试题第1页(共4页)

      5. According to the theory,words are just labels for things.

      A.naming B.conceptualist

      C.contextualist D.behaviorist

      6.According to Searle,the speech act of the utterance (I swear)I have never seen the man

      before is a(n)

      A.directive B.commissive

      C.expressive D.representative

      7. Historical linguistics is the subfield of linguistics that studies language A.change B.variation

      C.acquisition D.processing

      8. Language varieties appropriate for use in particular situations are called A.social dialects B.regional dialects

      C.idiolects D.registers

      9. In most people,the left hemisphere is primarily responsible for A.recognition of patterns B.visual and spatial skills

      C.perception of nonlinguistic sounds D.language and speech

      10.When a child is able to use a word to express a concept or predication,for example, using the word dada to mean I saw daddyshat,more to mean give me more candy,and

      up to mean I want up,the child language ability is in the stage.

      A.one-word B.two-word

      C.multi-word D.cooing

      非选择题部分

      注意事项:

      用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

      Ⅱ.Directions:Fill in the blank on the ANSWER SHEET in each of the following statements with one word,the first letter of which is already given as a clue.Note that you are to fill in ONE word only,and you are not allowed to change the letter given.(1%×10=10%)

      11.The fact that language can be used to describe events that took place in past years indicates the d feature of language.

      12.According to the position of the tongue,vowels in English can be grouped into front, c ,and back.

      13.The suffix -ing in the word running is an i affix.

      00830#现代语言学试题第2页(共4页)

      14.The sentence Mary told Jane that John liked swimming belongs to the type of c

      sentences.

      15.Linguistic forms having the same s may have different references in different situations.

      16.While the meaning of a sentence is abstract and de-contextualized,the meaning of an

      u is concrete and context-dependent.

      17.The word gym is taken to be formed by a way of c from the longer word

      gymnasium.

      18.As community is defined as a group of people who form a community,and share the same language or a particular variety of language.

      19.When a patient is unable to name because of word retrieval deficits,such as using what

      you drink for water,slipper for shoe,or to do with a pen for ink,the patient is likely to

      suffer from W aphasics.

      20.In general,language a refers to children's development of the native language in which a child has been brought up.

      Ⅲ.Directions:Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false.Put a T for true or F for false on the ANSWER SHEET.If you think a statement is false, you must explain why you think so and then give the correct version.(2%× 10=20%)

      21.The study of the changes English has undergone since the Norman Conquest would be a diachronic study.

      22.As a basic unit of phonetics,a phone does not distinguish meaning.

      23.Words that contain only one morpheme such as water,run,quick,able,are called bound

      morphemes.

      24.Phrase structure rules are responsible for the generation of sentences at the level of

      D-structure.

      25.The sense relation between the two words rose and flower is homonymy.

      26.According to Austin,the utterance I do as uttered in response to the priest's question in

      the course of a marriage ceremony is a performative.

      27.Many of the most basic terms in the English language like man,house,food,eat,drink

      and fight originate from Old English.

      28.A lingua franca may be a native language currently spoken by a particular people. 29.The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is about the relation between language and the realiy.

      00830#现代语言学试题第3页(共4页)

      30.Children in different cultures follow different routes of development in acquiring their

      native languages.

      IV.Directions:Explain the following terms and give examples for illustration where appropriate. (3%×10=30%)

      31.general linguistics

      32.sequential rules

      33.compounding

      34.sentence

      35.polysemy

      36.context

      37.semantic shift

      38.bilingualism

      39.linguistic relativism

      40.first language acquisition

      V.Directions:Answer the following questions.(10%×2=20%)

      41.Write out the appropriate phrase structure rules and draw a labeled constituent structure

      tree diagram for the following sentence:

      The boy likes the game

      42.What are the four maxims of the Cooperative Principle?Which maxim does the

      following conversation violate?What implicature is produced?

      Husband:Shall we get something for the kids?

      Wife:Yes.But I veto I-C-E-C-R-E-A-M.

      (This is said when it is known to both the husband and the wife that the wife has no

      difficulty in pronouncing the word ice-cream.)

      00830#现代语言学试题第4页(共4页)

      【结尾】上文就是“2023年10月湖南自考00830现代语言学试卷”的相关内容介绍,想要了解更多湖南自考的相关资讯,敬请关注湖南自考网!

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